HV Supply Kit

NK01B_Pin

NK02_Pin

High Voltage Power Supply Kit

Go to Bottom of page to download PDF file of NK01A & NK01B instructions:

This kit allows you to build a regulated switch-mode power source, that will convert a, nominal, 12VDC input up to any voltage from 45V to 190V. With the components included in the kit, it can output 5W of power, with an average efficiency of 75% (or ~6.7W in). The difference of 1.7W (6.7W – 5W) will escape as waste heat.

Note: 5W output is based on a 12VDC input. A higher input voltage, will yield a higher possible maximum. For example, an input of 16V, should allow a maximum of 6.5W, or more than 36mA at 180V out. Maximum recommended input voltage is 18V.

January 31, 2022: Release of NK02. Expanded version of the HV Supply. Can be used as a direct substitute for the NK01A & NK01B, if R3 is shorted (zero ohms). Otherwise has higher voltage output capability, 350V max, versus 190V, for the previous units. For a short term, a few NK02 kits will be sold with “NK01 Parts”, for only 190V output. This is a transient run.

March 15, 2017: Release of NK01B (Revision B). Same parameters as NK01A. Parts rearranged to reduce size to 1.2″ x 1.2″ (30,5 x 30,5mm). Only one Q1 position to accomodate a TO-220 or IPAK (TO-251AA) package.

Sept 12, 2013: The NK01A (Revision A) has been released. The output has been increased. Its recommended that the maximum output should be 5.5W, though its been tested and survived with an output of 6.4W. As noted, above, if a 16V supply is used, the maximum suggested output can be upto 7.2W.

Kit can be purchased on eBay:

Schematic – for the circuit (click on drawing to enlarge):

NK01B_sch

NK02_sch

The circuit is based on the Motorola MC34063 switch-mode controller chip. This chip, has been available since the 80s. The circuit is a basic Boost Supply, where a single winding inductor is used. It works by storing energy in the inductor. This energy is proportional to the square of the current flowing thru the coil. Current is allowed to flow thru the current, by switching Q1 “On”. An inductor won’t allow an abrupt change in current, so if the switch, Q1, was “off”, the current will ramp up from zero. Ideally, when the current reaches the maximum the coil can handle (called the saturation current), Q1 should be switched “off”. Again, the current can not change abruptly. When turned “off”, the inductor will dump its energy (stored in its magnetic field). It will ramp down, from that maximum current. Its only path is thru D1, and to get maintain that initial current, the voltage, will abruptly rise to some high value. (note: to the newbies: voltage and current are two different things. Related, but different) Voltage is pressure, while current is flow rate.

In this circuit, the maximum current, is roughly timed out, by the selection of C2. The voltage is regulated by a network of resistors (R4, R5, & R6), plus an optional RX. RX is used when any voltage other that the supplies two extremes (45V:open, or 190V:shorted) is desired. The schematic shows resistor values for other voltage selections, and a formula, if you want something different. RX is connected across pin 6 and GND (circuit common, either pin 2 or pin 8). This circuit is also the MK1.5 (mark 1.5) version, of the MC34063 “nixie supply”. The addition of D2 and Q2, allow this circuit to quickly switch Q1 (the power FET) “ON”, and more importantly “Off”. In so doing, it is a vast improvement over the MK1 (mark 1) designs, floating on the web. The MK1 designs are only good to about half the power of this kit’s circuit.

Parts List – of parts included in the kit (click on list to enlarge):

NK01B_BOM

NK02_BOM

Towards the bottom of the parts list are more value options for RX. Note the maximum output current. This supply outputs 5.5watts. So at a lower voltage output like 45V, it can deliver up to 120mA. This maximum current available drops, as the output voltage is set to a higher value. At 170V, the minimum value used in most nixie clocks, it can only deliver 32mA. This is still adequate for a 6 digit IN-18 clock, since each of those tubes drawing 4mA (recommended minimum), will draw 24mA total.

D1 is labelled BAV21, but a MUR140, HER105, or UF4007, will work just the same in this application. Primary concern is a part that’s rated for at least 200PRV, and with a switching speed faster than 75nS. If it meets these two specs it will work.

Likewise, with D2. Any fast general purpose diode will do. Main importance is that it switches faster than 25nS. PIV rating is unimportant. 

Assembly guide for revision B [NK01B] (click on image to enlarge):

NK01B_Assy

NK02_Aguide

Observation: Sept 9, 2016: It has come to my attention, that some people think the dashes on the, P1, connector, pins 4 & 7, are minus signs, hence “returns”. THEY ARE NO CONNECTIONS ! The electronics convention, for the circuit “return”, is ground (GND) or common (COM). You hook up the input voltage across VIN+ and GND (pin 2, 8, or both). You hook up your high voltage load across VOUT and GND. You hook up Rx across Rx and GND. Everything is “referenced” to ground. It is the circuit common, and may be called: Ground (GND), Common (COM), or Reference (REF).

The board has location for one package types of power FET, a TO-220 (at location Q1A). The output can be increased from the 5.5 watts, if a beefier coil (L1), is used. The coil (inductor) provided, can handle a maximum input current of 1.4A. If a higher current coil (given the same inductance), is used, then the output power will be increased. Also note, a higher current FET, may also be needed, and the value of C2, may need to be increased, to allow the coil to ramp up to the higher current.

The Ultrafast rectifier, D1, can be one of several types. A BAV21, which comes in a small DO-35 glass package, and looks just like the 1N4148 (D2). Please do not mix these two up. The BAV21 should come with taped labels on its leads. This location can also fit the larger DO-41 package. The MUR140 and UF4007 come in the DO-41 package. So does the 1N4007. But don’t confuse a UF4007 with a 1N4007. They are two different parts. This supply needs ultrafast rectifiers like those recommended. The 1N4007 switches at way too slow of a rate.

Alternate P1 Options:

P1 is a single row 8-pin right angle header. The plastic separator frame, may come in two styles. One with the separator on long pins (left), or the other, with separator frame on the short pins (right). Note, in either case, the short pins are to be inserted in the PCB, while the longer pins extend to the outside world.

(Click on photo, below, to enlarge):

nk01a_p1_04

The style on the left, will be the type shipped most often.

Nix_PS_Rx

NK02_PS_Rx_A

A “Pulse” output has also been provided, to make the circuit even more flexible. This output allows you to add extra output voltages. Either voltage multipliers (x2, x3, …), and/or a negative voltage. Below is a drawing showing how to get extra voltages out of this supply (click on it to enlarge):

Adding a variable adjustment, and extending the lower output limit to 12V, see the external modification, below:

Nix_PS_Var_Rx

Normally, Rx, is added to R6. R6+Rx are in parallel to R4, which form the feedback voltage divider. This determines the output. Its been designed to range from 45V (open) to 190V (short), just using an additional resistor, Rx. But if a voltage is applied to to pin 6 that exceeds 1.25V, the output will drop below 45V, to maintain the 1.25V value, at the node where R4, R5, and R6 join. If its raised to ~1.54V, then the supply essentially shuts off, because the output will equal Vin (~12V). Replacing Rx, with the potentiometer, Rv, two associated resistors Rz (470), Rd (560), and a 2.4V zener diode, D3, will achieve this function.

The finished board !

Here is the Pre-assembled version in action (Below):

IMPORTANT: This is NOT the older (non-“A”) kit version, but the pre-assembled surface mount version, and the new “A” version, on sale as of Sept 12, 2013. The pre-assembled version can output 7 watts of power (6 watts recommended max), while the older kit can only output 5 watts, with the parts shipped in the kit. The new “A” version kit, can output over 6W, while only 5.5W is recommended.

To check how good competitors are, connect their output to a C7 Christmas light, and walk away for a few hours. See if its still working, when you come back. You can also try this with the new “A” version kit, but not the older (non-“A”) kit. Its not as beefy !

Transient Version – NK02 Board with NK01 Parts:

NK02_NK01_sch

NK02_NK01_BOM

NK02_NK01_Aguide

PDF Files

Original Kit Instructions in PDF format (1.0MB)

Revision NK01A & NK01B Kit Instructions, PDF (3.3MB)

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